Classification is a process which establishes the division an athlete should be placed in for a competition. All athletes must be classified in order to ensure equal and fair competition. A team of three highly trained and qualified people perform the classification process. This team often includes one medical doctor, one physiotherapist, and one sport technical person.
There are different classification systems for each sport.
Classification Made Easy explains the classes for athletes with neurological impairments. For the full rules see the CPISRA website.
Para-Cycling classification rules are governed by the Union Cyclist Internationale (UCI). The rules are for multi disability and include athletes with spinal cord lesions, loco motor impairments, and neurological impairments.